Safe and Secure

Child-Proofing Your Home

  • Get down on the floor and crawl around to discover your home from a child’s perspective. Cover up hard and sharp edges. Cover electrical outlets. Place “kiddie locks” on cabinets that contain cleansers, dangerous products, or medication.
  • Keep children away from water. A toddler can fall into a toilet if the lid is left up.
  • Install safety gates and use playpens, which will help keep young children from wandering away. Stop using them when your child begins to unlatch or crawl over them.

Car Seats

  • Always use a car seat, even with your baby’s first ride home from the hospital or adoption agency.
  • Buy, install, and use an approved child car seat. It’s better to buy a new car seat to ensure that it meets current safety standards.
  • Carefully read the instructions of how to use the car seat. Research shows that many parents are not properly using car seats.

Choking and CPR

  • If your child is choking but can still cough, encourage her to spit out or cough up what she is choking on.
  • Use abdominal thrusts only on children who are older than one year.
  • Read Relief of Choking in Children from the American Heart Association.
  • Complete a course in basic CPR. The American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommends that all parents and caregivers take a course. Simply reading about CPR will not teach you how to do it.
  • The best way to deal with choking is to prevent it. Ask your pediatrician for a list of common foods and objects that young children choke on, or see a list on the American Academy of Pediatrics’ choking prevention page.

Home Hazards

  • Carefully childproof every single room of your home.
  • Your child’s room or nursery should be the safest place in your home. Use a safe crib that meets current safety standards. Keep all plastic bags and coverings out of reach.
  • Keep in mind that young children can’t tell what’s hot, cold, sharp, or dull. They’ll explore everything.
  • Remember that accidents are the number one cause of death and serious injury for young children. Be vigilant when it comes to safety.

More Links

  • Pediatrics at is a comprehensive resource for parents that contains tips and information on everything related to child health and wellness from allergies to healthy eating to infant care and more.



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