Developmental Overview: Ages 0-2
- Children at this age learn by exploring with their hands and mouth. They bang, throw, drop, shake, and put items in their mouths.
- Hiding things will get more difficult when your child starts to look for hidden objects. By 24 months, he can find things hidden under two or three other items.
- Learning how to use everyday objects is an important development at this age. Kids learn how to use a spoon. They learn to drink from a cup. They learn to comb their hair.
- By age 2, a child typically will have a vocabulary of 50 words. As she learns to speak, she’ll use two- and three-word sentences, like “More juice,” “Me want cookie,” and “Up, up.”
- Children will first learn to hold their head up. Little by little, they begin to roll and to sit (usually by six months).
- Kids learn to creep, then crawl, pull themselves up, walk while holding onto furniture, stand, and then walk two or three steps without assistance (usually by 12 months).
- At 24 months, children can begin to run, kick a ball, and walk up and down stairs (while holding onto someone’s hand).
- You can expect your child to imitate facial expressions, and even develop a social smile by three months.
- Talking begins with babbling, which leads to gradually learning to say and respond to simple words and phrases.
- Toddlers will play in parallel—near another child, but not with that child.
- Crying is the primary means of communication when infants’ and toddlers’ needs are not being met.
- Similarly, they smile and giggle when they want more of something, and turn their head, shut their eyes, or cry when they want less of something.
- Even very young children discover a spiritual perspective of the world. If parents and caregivers are warm and caring, they’ll find a wonderful world.
- A sense of spirit is developed through the five senses: seeing, hearing, smelling, touching, and tasting. Spiritual practices that engage the senses (such as having certain foods on a holiday or lighting a candle) are helpful.
- Making spiritual practices (e.g., music, worship, service, meditation, prayer) a part of family life encourages your children to embrace spirituality.
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Use this growth chart to keep track of your child’s physical, emotional, and intellectual development.
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